Architecture (Latin architectura, from the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων arkhitekton “architect”, from ἀρχι- “chief” and τέκτων “creator”) is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures.
What is the root word of architecture?
Architecture is the process, or profession, of designing buildings and their environments. … The root of the word architecture is the Greek arkhitekton (“master builder”), which makes sense because the ancient Greeks were very skilled at architecture — think of all those columns and stadiums and temples.
Where is the origin of architecture?
The exact origin of architecture could be said to date to the Neolithic period, around 10 000 BC, or simply when people stopped living in caves and started handling the way they want their houses to look and feel like.
What is the real meaning of architecture?
architecture, the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. The practice of architecture is employed to fulfill both practical and expressive requirements, and thus it serves both utilitarian and aesthetic ends.
What is the original meaning of the word architect in Latin and Greek?
An architect is a person who plans, designs and oversees the construction of buildings. … Etymologically, the term architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek (arkhi-, chief + tekton, builder), i.e., chief builder. The professional requirements for architects vary from place to place.
When was the word architect invented?
The modern day term ‘Architect’ dates back to the mid 16th century, from the French architecte and Italian architetto, originating from the Greek arkhitektn, where arkhi means ‘chief’ and tektn ‘builder’. ‘Architects’ first began to develop as a distinct discipline in Italy during the renaissance period.
Who invented architecture?
first architect in history was Imhotep. As one of the officials of the Pharaoh Djoser, he designed the Pyramid of Djoser (the Step Pyramid) at Saqqara in Egypt in 2630 – 2611 BC. He may have been responsible for the first known use of columns in architecture.
What are 3 types of architecture?
The three orders of architecture—the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian—originated in Greece. To these the Romans added, in practice if not in name, the Tuscan, which they made simpler than Doric, and the Composite, which was more ornamental than the Corinthian.
What are architectural drawings called?
Prints of architectural drawings are still sometimes called blueprints, after one of the early processes which produced a white line on blue paper.
He defined architecture as: “the art of composing and realizing all public and private buildings. For a building to be appropriate, it must be solid, healthy, and comfortable. ”
Are all buildings considered architecture?
Whether architecture includes all built structures.
Examples of exclusivist subsets include (a) only built structures that people can occupy (typically: houses, temples, office buildings, factories, etc.), or (b) only built structures designed in primarily aesthetic (rather than purely functional) terms.
Is architecture a stem?
A recent act that was passed by the United States Congress will make architecture an officially recognized STEM subject.
What is the suffix of architecture?
Architects are addressed and introduced as Architect. You can put Ar. before your name if it is the right abbreviation, it is not illegal for you if you registered with Council of Architecture, that I can say.
What are Greek buildings called?
Greek temples (Ancient Greek: ναός, romanized: naós, lit. ‘dwelling’, semantically distinct from Latin templum, “temple”) were structures built to house deity statues within Greek sanctuaries in ancient Greek religion.